Incorporating
Source Use
PARAPHRASING
(NOTES FROM CLOUSE TEXTBOOK)

To paraphrase, rewrite a useful idea in your own words and style:

Do not add meaning that is not in the source.

Do not change the author's meaning.

Do not use the author's distinctive phrasings unless you put them in
quotation marks.  

Do not rewrite by going word-by-word and substituting synonyms.

Clearly credit the source with an in-text citation and works cited entry.
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the richest in the country, is leading the
philanthropic drive for small schools; it's committed more than $200 million to staring
new ones nationwide or restructuring large high schools into smaller
schools-within-a-school.
Source: Catharine Gewertz, "The Breakup: Suburbs Try Smaller High Schools,"
Education Week

Which paraphrase is acceptable? Why?

Option A:
In "The Breakup: Suburbs Try Smaller High Schools," Catharine Gewertz explains that
the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has pledged over $200 million to building small
high schools and also to reconfiguring existing large high schools to make them "smaller
schools within a school
."  



Option B:
According to Catharine Gewertz, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which is the
wealthiest in the United States, is spearheading the charitable movement advocating
small schools; the foundation has pledged more than $200 million to starting new small
schools across the country or restructuring large high schools into smaller schools within
a school.


Scroll down for the answer.










OPTION A IS ACCEPTABLE.  
OPTION B IS NOT ACCEPTABLE.    
Why?